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China National Orchestra

Founded in Beijing in 1960, the China National Orchestra, the largest and most integral folk music artistic group, is a national leading traditional music ensemble. It is composed of a large traditional instrument orchestra and folk chorus. It possesses a number of artists with distinguished attainment at home and abroad.
The founder of the Ensemble is the national celebrity Li Huanzhi(Jan. 1919-Mar. 2000), the famous composer-cum-chairmen of the Association of Chinese Musicians. The present director of the orchestra is Mr. Gu Xiayang.
Through the collection of a large quantity of delicate folk tunes for many years, the Chinese national traditional music had developed a school of its own. The presentation of the Ensemble reserves its traditional Chinese form of graceful style. Meanwhile, it brings its characteristics and coordinate with the Chinese contemporary music, the Western Classical music and the folk music of other nations in the world.
Ever since its establishment, the Ensemble had visited many countries and regions including the UK, France, Germany, Denmark, Russia, the United States, Japan and others. In 1993, the Ensemble founded the Asian Orchestra with the Japanese Music Group and the Korean National Orchestra, aiming to promote the originality and interflow of the Asian folk music. Since 1995, the Ensemble took the lead in staging a Chinese folk style Spring Festival concert. In 1997, they were on an invitational tour to the United States touring New York, Washington D. C., Chicago and Los Angeles and had chance to perform with Yo Yo Ma, the world-renowned cellist at the Carnegie Hall in New York. The performance aroused a great sensation among the audience and press. The Ensemble held the Chinese Lunar New Year Concert respectively in 1998 and 1999 at Vienna Golden Hall in Austria and they were a great success. The China Central Television, National Television of Austria and Satellite channel 3 of Europe live broadcasted the performance.
The China National Orchestra performed at UN General Assembly Hall in August 2000, launched an opening for the China's traditional music presenting to the United Stated since then. In September the same year, to accompany the superior visit of China's President Jiang Zemin to the United States, the Orchestra presented performances at famous Lincoln Arts Center in honor of the senior leaders of all nations attending the millennium conference in New York and achieved great success.

List of melodies:
1. Good News
Music by Zheng Lu and Ma Hongye
Showing the exhilarating scene of the villagers when they received good news from Beijing.

2. Unforgettable Water-Splashing Festival
Music by Liu Wenjin
People chase and sprinkle each other with water to express good wishes during the traditional water-sprinkling festival of the Dai nationality.

3. The Herdsmen's New Song
Music by Jian Guangyi and Wang Zhiwei
Based on folk song of the Inner Mongolia, the tune shows a picture of flocks and herds strolling on a boundless stretch of grassland under the blue sky.

4. Two Folk Tunes from Taiwan
Second and forth parts selected from the Legato Folk Tunes of Taiwan by Wu Hua, depicting the

5. Falling into Complete Ambush
A traditional piece of Pipa music, drawing the materials from the historical story of contention between Liu Bang and Xiang Yu.

6. A Rose for You
Adapted from a traditional Uighur folk song, the music depicts deep affections between young couples through dancing rhythm.

7. Ye Shen Chen
Peking opera music, rearranged by Wu Hua
One of the famous names of opera tunes, played on a Jinghu (opera fiddle with high register) with the accompaniment of drum. The music gains additional color from the use of Jinghu and percussion to give special effects.

8. Folk Dance of the Yao people
Composed by Liu Tieshan and Mao Yuan, rearranged by Peng Xiuwen
The music vividly presents Yao people celebrating festivals with songs and dances.

Wang Ciheng
Born in Hangzhou in 1959
Admitted to the Central Academy of Music in 1980
Chief Dizi (bamboo flute) and part director of wind instrument of the China National Orchestra, member of the China Association of Musicians , Grade A instrumentalist
First prize at the First National Cantonese Music Invitational Contest in 1987
Excellent Performer by the Ministry of Culture in 1991
Excellent Expert by the Ministry of Culture in 2000
Wang held many Di and Xiao (vertical bamboo flute) recitals at home and abroad and gave performances in Germany 3 times and at the Golden Hall in Austria twice. In 1997 and 2000, he visited America and gave performances at the UN General Assembly Hall, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts and Chicago Symphony Orchestra Center. They were great successes.

Wu Yuxia
Grade A instrumentalist of Pipa, deputy director of the performing arts committee, the China Association of Musicians, guest professor of the Dept. of Arts Education, the People's University.
Won various prizes at different national Pipa contests and held recitals in Japan for 3 times. Employed as part-time professor by the China Academy of Music since 1995. Won Special Prize at the 2nd Osaka International Chamber Music Contest in 1996.
In recent years, Wu visited over ten countries and regions and held recitals at the Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and the UN General Assembly Hall. Has many audiovisual discs made.

Wang Nan
Born in Xian in 1979
Started tolearn to play Erhu from 1985
Admitted to the Middle School affiliated to the Xian Academy of Music in 1991 and to the China Academy of Music in 1997
3rd prize at the National Traditional Instrumental Music Invitational Contest in Nanjing in 1993
2nd prize at the National Erhu Contest in 1995
Prize of excellence of Erhu at the Hong Kong Traditional Instrumental Music Contest in 2000
Participated 3 times in the Lyon International Music Festival in Paris
Admitted to the China National Orchestra since 2001

Zhang Xueqin
Born in Beijing in 1975
Started to learn Erhu at 6 and later was enrolled into the Middle School affiliated to the China Academy of Music.
Admitted to the China National Orchestra after graduating from the China Academy of Music.
Visited Portugese with the delegation of musicians and conducted teaching and exchanges with South Korea on invitation.

Li Yuanyuan
Learned to play Erhu from virtuoso Mr. Zhu Changyao from 6 years old.
First prize of the teenager team at the National Musical Instruments Contest in 1998
Enrolled to the Dept. of Folk Music of the Central Academy of Music in 1995 and graduated in 1999.
Participated in series of performances and visited countries like South Korea, Japan and Greece

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